Cell Biology and Genetic Engineering covers the direct genome manipulation of an organism. This field can also be known as ‘genetic engineering’ or ‘gene modification’, where a given feature is enhanced or removed from a living organism. This includes the delivery of a gene from one species to another or the modification of a gene within a species. This scientific area has diverse applications such as in medicine (e.g. gene therapy), in manufacturing (e.g. mass production of biomolecules), in research (e.g. genetically modified animals as human disease models), in agriculture (e.g. genetically modified crops), and others.